The questions relating to the management of urban waste and, by extension planning and management of the urban environment, are among the most complex to which environmental managers must respond because of their effects on human health, development sustainable.
The same source underlines that today the cities of developing countries in general, and those of Africa in particular are among the cities where the issue of environmental management is relevant. One of the biggest challenges facing urban authorities is the collection of household waste. These difficulties are reflected in an accumulation of household waste, the creation of numerous illegal deposits and the stagnation of waste and rainwater in many neighborhoods.
The city of Kinshasa, capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo is not spared from this situation. This city has experienced a population explosion in recent decades. Currently, the city has an estimated ten million inhabitants, but in 1980 it had only 2,400,000 inhabitants. This situation is mainly due to the rural exodus, which has aggravated the waste problems already existing in the city. In Kinshasa, waste management in general and that of household waste in particular represents a major and crucial problem. Formerly the city of Kinshasa was known under the name of Kinshasa the beautiful but, following the growing insalubrity, from now on, it is nicknamed Kinshasa the dustbin.
Furthermore, the absence of functional structures for the collection and disposal of household waste in the city leads to wild and uncontrolled dumping in the streets and in the waterways of Kinshasa. The municipality of Masina, one of the most populous municipalities in the city of Kinshasa deserves special attention. Indeed the municipality of Masina faces this same problem. Households in Masina throw garbage in inappropriate places, on the streets, along rivers, in rivers. Thus we are witnessing more and more creations of wild dumps in this part of the city.
All of these pre-discussed factors lead to a deterioration in the living environment of populations. The key question to which this post answers is based on the major problems linked to the management of household waste in the city of Kinshasa and more particularly in the commune of Masina;
- the bad management of household refuse finds its origin not only in the absence of garbage cans and public dumps but also in irresponsible behavior of the population
- without a real commitment from the competent authority to raise awareness and encourage the population to become aware of the state of degradation and pollution could lead to a state of disruption of the environmental balance
- the recovery of household garbage can constitute the lasting solution in the sanitation of the city of Kinshasa
Generally, waste means any product that its owner abandons, such as old clothing, construction waste, used cars, drugs whose use date has expired, food debris from the kitchen, etc. Educating the population with better junk removal solutions and waste management techniques is the first step in solving the issue, which leads to excess local pollution.
The notion of waste can be approached in several ways. It varies from one author to another, from one country to another. This is particularly the case during changes it may undergo (collection, sorting, primary processing) and which gives it different physical, chemical and mechanical characteristics which gives it economic and ecological value.
Urban compost is a fermented mixture of organic and mineral residues generally obtained from household waste and used for the improvement of agricultural land. The compost is obtained by biological treatment of organic matter by aerobic fermentation.